Carpet Care Key Terms – Volume 3

 

 

 

 

CARPET CARE TERMINOLOGY

 

CARPET PROTECTOR
Enhance carpet performance especially against soils and stains.

COLLOIDAL
SILICA /
ALUMINA
ACID DYE
BLOCKER
SILICONEFLUORO-CHEMICAL
·  Dry soil retardant

 

 

· Dry soil retardant

· Acid dye repellent

· Oily stain repellent

·  Removed with wear

·  Wet stain repellent·   Dry soil retardant

·   Oily stain repellent

·   Repels some wet stains

·   Removed with wear

Removed with

vacuuming.

Removed with high-alkaline

products, cationic-charged products,

and many disinfectants.

Removed with

dry solvent.

Removed with dry solvents.

 

 

SOIL RETARDANT

Designed to fill cracks, crevices and irregularitieson fiber surface

to prevent embedding of soil and ease vacuum removal of soil.

 

 

 

STAIN REPELLENT

Repels water-based staining materials

and can be suspended in wet or dry solutions.

 

 

 

 

GETTING TO KNOW YOUR CHEMICALS

 

BUZZWORDS

 

PRECONDITIONER

A (usually) built detergent

applied prior to cleaning

and allowed dwell time

for better soil removal.

 

BUILDER

An additive used to enhance

cleaning efficiency of detergent, supply alkalinity, prevent soils from redepositing

during cleaning and emulsifying oil/grease.

 

BUFFER

An additive used to neutralize acids and bases in a solution to maintain the original pH when an acid or alkali

is added.

 

WETTING AGENT

An additive used to reduce

water’s surface tension

to displace air in fabric

for better penetration.

 

UNBUILT DETERGENT

A simple detergent

with few additives.

DEFOAMER

An additive used

to suppress foam formation during cleaning.

AGENT

An ingredient (cleaning agent)

that causes activity (cleaning)

to happen.

DETERGENT

A cleaning agent comprised

of all components like surfactants, emulsifiers, builders, etc.

SURFACTANT

Short for “surface active agent;” a detergent that reduces the surface tension of liquid (i.e., water) to allow an even spread of cleaning solution for better cleaning.

RINCE DETERGENT

A cleaning agent that causes

activity (cleaning) to happen,

with properties similar

to a preconditioner.

SOLVENT

Any liquid medium that

dissolves other substances

into its own state.

 

DRY SOLVENT

A non-water liquid solution

for dissolving oily soils.

 

EMULSIFICATION

Process of creating an emulsion, one liquid (i.e. dry)

into another (i.e. wet).

 

SOLUTION

A mixture of two or more substances, which can separate when dry.

 

SOLUBLE

A substance that can be

dissolved into another substance.

 

INSOLUBLE

A substance that will not

dissolve in any liquid medium.



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